Information and communication technologies capable to address several challenges suffered by developed as well as developing countries. Telemedicine which literally means “healing at a distance” signifies the use of ICT to improve patient outcomes by increasing access to care and medical information. With the help of ICTs Telemedicine solves the geographical barriers while increasing access to health care services. It is beneficial for underserved communities or group that traditionally suffer from lack of access to health care.
By knowing the potential of this, the World Health Organization has come up with the GOe or the Global Observatory for eHealth which will help to review the benefits that ICTs can bring to health care. The Observatory is accused of deciding the status of eHealth solutions such as telemedicine, at the national, provincial, and worldwide level, and giving WHO’s the Member States solid data and direction on best practices, approaches, and measures in eHealth.
Primarily, the eHealth series is focused on telecommunications, information technology, government ministries of health along with researchers, professionals, donors and nongovernmental organizations.
Some modules examined the current level of development of four fields of telemedicine such as telepathology, telepsychology, teledermatology, and teleradiology as well as its mechanisms that help to promote and develop telemedicine solutions in the long-term as well as short-term. Telemedicine opportunities for developed and developing countries discuss the results of the telemedicine module. The importance of evaluation of telemedicine can ensure maximization of benefit and the field is in its infancy and while its promise is great.
Telemedicine offers great opportunities and it could be even more beneficial for underserved and developing countries where access to basic care is of primary concern. Telemedicine offers the biggest opportunities and that is increased access to health care with the means to access health care has the potential to help meet previously unmet needs with positive impacts.
It also offers distant providers to evaluate and provide follow-up care to patients in less-economically developed countries. With the help of increasing the accessibility of medical care, telemedicine enables patients to seek treatment earlier.
Telemedicine networks could offer an effective tool for connecting remote sites. With the help of communication telemedicine, it is possible to connect remote sites with health-care professionals around across the globe which will help to overcome geographical barriers. This can lead to increased communication between inter-country collaboration and networking and health service facilities.
Telemedicine also offers the several opportunities for learning and professional development. “Telemedicine creates a university without borders that foster academic growth and independence because the local participating surgeons have direct access to experts in the developed world.”